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Welcome to the March 2021 edition of the IVVN Newsletter!

Paving the way for women leaders in science, technology and innovation: an IVVN-AWARD panel webinar


Building on this year’s International Women's Day theme of women in leadership, the IVVN, together with African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD), will be hosting a webinar on women in science and leadership on Wednesday 31 March 2021.

Dr Michèle Mbo’o-Tchouawou, Deputy Director of AWARD, will chair the event, and panel members will include:

  • Dr Cathrine Ziyomo, Senior Scientist and Director, BecA-ILRI Hub.
  • Dr Edidah Ampaire, Senior Programme Officer, International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
  • Jayne Quoiani, Education & Engagement Officer, Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh.
  • Dr Esther Kanduma, Lecturer, University of Nairobi and AWARD Fellow.
  • Dr Barberine Silatsa Assongo, Research Fellow, University of Dschang, and an Africa Biosciences Challenge Fund Fellow.

For more information about the event and to register, please visit the event page on our website.

April's IVVN virtual symposium: Vaccines for Ruminants


The third of our online symposia will be taking place on Monday 26 April 2021, this time covering Vaccines for Ruminants. The symposium will be chaired by IVVN co-director Professor Bryan Charleston (The Pirbright Institute, UK) and Professor Yanmin Lee (The Southwest Minzu University, China), and will consist of presentations from invited speakers and IVVN pump-priming grant awardees, along with a poster session. To present a poster, please submit an abstract by Thursday 8 April 2021Registration and abstract submission here.

Symposium sponsors

Symposium details

When: Monday 26 April, 9am-12.30pm GMT
Where: Online
Abstract submission deadline: Thursday 8 April 2021
Registration: Free for all IVVN members

Mentoring fellowships for women in low-and-middle income countries awarded


We are delighted to announce that six women postdoctoral researchers based in Brazil, Egypt, India, Kenya and South Africa have been awarded IVVN Fellowships. The fellowship projects, jointly funded by the IVVN and Canada's International Development Research Centre, will focus on a variety of pathogens including coronaviruses, tilapia lake virus, Newcastle disease virus, Salmonella enterica, Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus and Theileria annulata.

Click here to learn more about the Fellows and their project, and to watch our International Women's Day 2021 video.

Bridging the career-advancement opportunity gap for women researchers in LMICs

International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund
8 March 2021
To accompany the announcement of the successful projects, our funding partners at the IDRC Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund have contributed a blog post discussing the issues the IVVN Fellowship Programme addesses. Click here to read the blog post.

Watch the recording of our virtual symposium on Vaccines for Poultry


Last month, we held our second virtual symposium, this time covering Vaccines for Poultry and co-hosted by the GCRF One Health Poultry Hub. If you missed the symposium, all the talks are available to watch here.

News


The search for animals harbouring coronavirus – and why it matters

Smriti Mallapaty, Nature, 2 March 2021 Scientists are monitoring pets, livestock and wildlife to work out where SARS-CoV-2 could hide, and whether it could resurge.

A year of Covid-19 offers lessons for managing the human-animal-environment relationship

Maria Flachsbarth, European Scientist, 23 February 2021
If anyone had surveyed the general public about “zoonoses” a year ago, the response may have been speculative guesses about animal attractions – or just confusion. Read more.

Events


BactiVac Online Conference 2021
Bacterial vaccines in a time of pandemic

27−28 April 2021

Talks will be delivered by a host of internationally renowned speakers from a range of disciplines, all actively involved in the research area of bacterial vaccinology.

save the date
7th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop

29−31 August 2021

The 7th European Veterinary Immunology Workshop will be hosted virtually later this year.

save the date
13th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium

8−12 August 2022

The 13th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (IVIS) will be held in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, in 2022.

Funding opportunities


International Development Research Centre
Call for concept notes: Collaborative One Health Research Initiative on Epidemics

Closing date: 5 April 2021

This Call for Concept Notes aims to support One Health research to identify, implement, and assess potential innovations in policies, programs, or practices that can prevent, control, and mitigate the risks of emerging epidemic threats.

UK Research and Innovation
BBSRC Discovery Fellowship 2021

Closing date: 6 May 2021

Apply for a fellowship to support your first steps into independent research and gain leadership skills.

BactiVac network catalyst funding
Fifth round of pump-priming awards

Closing date: 16 May 2021

Funding is available to support BactiVac members in bacterial vaccinology to explore new approaches and strategies to advance their vaccines in partnership with LMICs and industry, and acquire the data to support substantive funding applications.

Job vacancies


PhD Studentship at the Pirbright Institute, UK
Understanding the importance of the PI3K pathway in modulating influenza virus replication in chickens and ducks

Closing date: 21 March 2021

Supervisors: Dr Holly Shelton (The Pirbright Institute), Dr Stephen Dunham (University of Nottingham), Prof Munir Iqbal (The Pirbright Institute) and Dr Janet Daly (University of Nottingham)

PhD Studentship at the Pirbright Institute, UK
B cell responses in protection against African swine fever virus

Closing date: 29 March 2021

Supervisors: Dr Chris Netherton (The Pirbright Institute), Professor Nicolas Locker (University of Surrey) and Professor Simon Graham (The Pirbright Institute)

Veterinary Medicines Directorate, UK
Grade 7 x 2 Biologicals Assessors in the Biologicals Team

Closing date: 31 March 2021

These exciting and interesting jobs put you at the heart of the important work of the VMD’s Biologicals Team

Click here to view all job opportunities

Publications


Alamian S, Amiry K, Bahreinipour A, Etemadi A, Tebianian M, Mehrabadi MHF and Dadar M (2021) Brucella species circulating in rural and periurban dairy cattle farms: a comparative study in an endemic area. Tropical Animal Health and Production 53:200. doi:10.1007/s11250-021-02645-y.

Amarir F, Rhalem A, Sadak A, Raes M, Oukessou M, Saadi A, Bouslikhane M, Gauci CG, Lightowlers MW, Kirschvink N and Marcotty T (2021) Control of cystic echinococcosis in the Middle Atlas, Morocco: Field evaluation of the EG95 vaccine in sheep and cesticide treatment in dogs. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 15:e0009253. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0009253.

Bazarragchaa E, Isoda N, Kim T, Tetsuo M, Ito S, Matsuno K and Sakoda Y (2021) Efficacy of oral vaccine against classical swine fever in wild boar and estimation of the dsease dynamics in the quantitative approach. Viruses 13. doi:10.3390/v13020319.

Bertran K, Kassa A, Criado MF, Nuñez IA, Lee DH, Killmaster L, Sá E Silva M, Ross TM, Mebatsion T, Pritchard N and Swayne DE (2021) Efficacy of recombinant Marek's disease virus vectored vaccines with computationally optimized broadly reactive antigen (COBRA) hemagglutinin insert against genetically diverse H5 high pathogenicity avian influenza viruses. Vaccine. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.02.075.

Birch CPD, Chambers MA and Lesellier S (2021) A combined measure of tuberculous lesions for assessing the efficacy of vaccination against tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in European badgers (Meles meles) supports the 3Rs principle of reduction. Vaccine 39:1661-1666. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.10.079.

Blake DP, Vrba V, Xia D, Jatau ID, Spiro S, Nolan MJ, Underwood G and Tomley FM (2021) Genetic and biological characterisation of three cryptic Eimeria operational taxonomic units that infect chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). International Journal for Parasitology. doi:10.1016/j.ijpara.2020.12.004.

Bullard BL, Corder BN, DeBeauchamp J, Rubrum A, Korber B, Webby RJ and Weaver EA (2021) Epigraph hemagglutinin vaccine induces broad cross-reactive immunity against swine H3 influenza virus. Nature Communications 12:1203. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-21508-6.

Choi J, Jo HJ, Jung SS, Choi J, Lee SH, Kim HH, Kim YJ, Kim B, Park JH and Kim J (2021) Evaluation of swine protection with foot-and-mouth disease O1/Campos and O/Primorsky/2014 vaccines against the O Mya-98 lineage virus from East Asia. Vaccine. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.02.025.

Coronado L, Perera CL, Rios L, Frías MT and Pérez LJ (2021) A critical review about different vaccines against classical swine fever virus and their repercussions in endemic regions. Vaccines (Basel) 9. doi:10.3390/vaccines9020154.

Dadar M, Tiwari R, Sharun K and Dhama K (2021) Importance of brucellosis control programs of livestock on the improvement of one health. Veterinary Quarterly 41:137-151. doi:10.1080/01652176.2021.1894501.

Elbehairy MA, Khattar SK and Samal SK (2021) Recovery of recombinant avian paramyxovirus type-3 strain Wisconsin by reverse genetics and its evaluation as a vaccine vector for chickens. Viruses 13. doi:10.3390/v13020316.

Ezeasor CK, Emipke BO, Shoyinka SV and Sabri MY (2021) The influence of intranasal peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine administration alone or with phytogenic mucoadhesive delivery system on PPR outbreak outcomes in goats. Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry 2021:1-20. doi:10.1080/15321819.2021.1895216.

Ferreira HL, Miller PJ and Suarez DL (2021) Protection against different genotypes of Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) afforded by an adenovirus-vectored fusion protein and live NDV vaccines in chickens. Vaccines (Basel) 9. doi:10.3390/vaccines9020182.

Francis MJ (2021) Spotlight on avian pathology: the importance of recombinant vector platform technologies in poultry vaccination. Avian Pathology. doi:10.1080/03079457.2021.1875624.

Langellotti CA, Gammella M, Soria I, Bellusci C, Quattrocchi V, Vermeulen M, Mongini C and Zamorano PI (2021) An improved DNA vaccine against bovine herpesvirus-1 using CD40L and a chemical adjuvant induces specific cytotoxicity in mice. Viral Immunology 34:68-78. doi:10.1089/vim.2020.0082.

Lee J, Li Y, Li Y, Cino-Ozuna AG, Duff M, Lang Y, Ma J, Sunwoo S, Richt JA and Ma W (2021) Bat influenza vectored NS1-truncated live vaccine protects pigs against heterologous virus challenge. Vaccine. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.02.077.

Li K, Wang C, Yang F, Cao W, Zhu Z and Zheng H (2021) Virus-host interactions in foot-and-mouth disease virus infection. Frontiers in Immunology 12:571509. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.571509.

López-Lorenzo G, López-Novo C, Prieto A, Díaz P, Panadero R, Rodríguez-Vega V, Morrondo P, Fernández G and Díaz-Cao JM (2021) Monitoring of porcine circovirus type 2 infection through air and surface samples in vaccinated and unvaccinated fattening farms. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. doi:10.1111/tbed.14069.

Lubembe DM, Odongo DO, Joubert F and Sibeko-Matjila KP (2021) Limited diversity in the CD8+ antigen-coding loci in Theileria parva parasites from cattle from southern and eastern Africa. Veterinary Parasitology 291:109371. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2021.109371.

Molla W, Jemberu WT, Mekonnen SA, Tuli G and Almaw G (2021) Seroprevalence and risk factors of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in selected districts of North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8:626253. doi:10.3389/fvets.2021.626253.

Muñoz-Atienza E, Díaz-Rosales P and Tafalla C (2021) Systemic and mucosal B and T cell responses upon mucosal vaccination of teleost fish. Frontiers in Immunology 11:622377. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2020.622377.

Muñoz-Caro T, Gibson AJ, Conejeros I, Werling D, Taubert A and Hermosilla C (2021) The role of TLR2 and TLR4 in recognition and uptake of the apicomplexan parasite Eimeria bovis and their effects on NET formation. Pathogens 10. doi:10.3390/pathogens10020118.

Nasr-Eldahan S, Nabil-Adam A, Shreadah MA, Maher AM and El-Sayed Ali T (2021) A review article on nanotechnology in aquaculture sustainability as a novel tool in fish disease control. Aquaculture International 2021:1-22. doi:10.1007/s10499-021-00677-7.

Netherton CL (2021) African swine fever vaccines. In: Understanding and Combatting African Swine Fever - a European Perspective (Eds Iacolina L, Penrith ML, Bellini S, Chenais E, Jori F, Montoya M, Ståhl K and Gavier-Widén D), Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen. doi:10.3920/978-90-8686-910-7_6.

Pontigo JP, Espinoza C, Hernandez M, Nourdin G, Oliver C, Avendaño-Herrera R, Figueroa J, Rauch C, Troncoso JM, Vargas-Chacoff L and Yáñez AJ (2021) Protein-based vaccine protect against Piscirickettsia salmonis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Frontiers in Immunology 12:602689. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.602689.

Pumtang-On P, Mahony TJ, Hill RA and Vanniasinkam T (2021) A systematic review of Campylobacter jejuni vaccine candidates for chickens. Microorganisms 9. doi:10.3390/microorganisms9020397.

Rasmussen P, Barkema HW, Beaulieu E, Mason S and Hall DC (2021) Estimation of the value of Johne's disease (paratuberculosis) control to Canadian dairy producers. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 189:105297. doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2021.105297.

Shivam S, El-Matbouli M and Kumar G (2021) Development of fish parasite vaccines in the omics era: progress and opportunities. Vaccines (Basel) 9. doi:10.3390/vaccines9020179.

Sordo-Puga Y, Suárez-Pedroso M, Naranjo-Valdéz P, Pérez-Pérez D, Santana-Rodríguez E, Sardinas-Gonzalez T, Mendez-Orta MK, Duarte-Cano CA, Estrada-Garcia MP and Rodríguez-Moltó MP (2021) Porvac subunit vaccine E2-CD154 induces remarkable rapid protection against classical swine fever virus. Vaccines (Basel) 9. doi:10.3390/vaccines9020167.

Soutter F, Werling D, Kim S, Pastor-Fernández I, Marugán-Hernández V, Tomley FM and Blake DP (2021) Impact of Eimeria tenella oocyst dose on parasite replication, lesion score and cytokine transcription in the caeca in three breeds of commercial layer chickens. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8:640041. doi:10.3389/fvets.2021.640041.

Srinivasan S, Conlan AJK, Easterling LA, Herrera C, Dandapat P, Veerasami M, Ameni G, Jindal N, Raj GD, Wood J, Juleff N, Bakker D, Vordermeier M and Kapur V (2021) A meta-analysis of the effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination against bovine tuberculosis: is perfect the enemy of good? Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8:637580. doi:10.3389/fvets.2021.637580.

Suárez-Pedroso M, Sordo-Puga Y, Sosa-Teste I, Rodriguez-Molto MP, Naranjo-Valdés P, Sardina-González T, Santana-Rodríguez E, Montero-Espinosa C, Frías-Laporeaux MT, Fuentes-Rodríguez Y, Pérez-Pérez D, Oliva-Cárdenas A, Pereda CL, González-Fernández N, Bover-Fuentes E, Vargas-Hernández M, Duarte CA and Estrada-García MP (2021) Novel chimeric E2CD154 subunit vaccine is safe and confers long lasting protection against classical swine fever virus. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 234:110222. doi:10.1016/j.vetimm.2021.110222.

Subedi S, Koirala S and Chai L (2021) COVID-19 in farm animals: host susceptibility and prevention strategies. Animals (Basel) 11. doi:10.3390/ani11030640.

Sutton KM, Morris KM, Borowska D, Sang H, Kaiser P, Balic A and Vervelde L (2021) Characterization of conventional dendritic cells and macrophages in the spleen using the CSF1R-reporter transgenic chickens. Frontiers in Immunology. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.636436.

Tan Y, Sun L, Wang G, Shi Y, Dong W, Fu Y, Fu Z, Chen H and Peng G (2021) The trypsin-enhanced infection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus is determined by the S2 subunit of the spike glycoprotein. Journal of Virology. doi:10.1128/JVI.02453-20.

Turlewicz-Podbielska H and Pomorska-Mól M (2021) Porcine coronaviruses: overview of the state of the art. Virologica Sinica. doi:10.1007/s12250-021-00364-0.

Vander Elst N, Breyne K, Steenbrugge J, Gibson AJ, Smith DGE, Germon P, Werling D and Meyer E (2020) Enterobactin deficiency in a coliform mastitis isolate decreases its fitness in a murine model: a preliminary host-pathogen interaction study. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 7:576583. doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.576583.

Xiao Y, Zhang S, Yan H, Geng X, Wang Y, Xu X, Wang M, Zhang H, Huang B, Pang W, Yang M and Tian K (2021) The high immunity induced by the virus-like particles of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8:633706. doi:10.3389/fvets.2021.633706.

Xie Q, Cao S, Zhang W, Wang W, Li L, Kan Q, Fu H, Geng T, Li T, Wan Z, Gao W, Shao H, Qin A and Ye J (2021) A novel fiber-2-edited live attenuated vaccine candidate against the highly pathogenic serotype 4 fowl adenovirus. Veterinary Research 52:35. doi:10.1186/s13567-021-00907-z.

Xinyu T, Yifan W, Priyadharsani Rajapakse M, Lee B, Songkasupa T, Suwankitwat N, Kamlangdee A, Judith Fernandez C and Taoqi H (2021) Use of nanopore sequencing to characterize African horse sickness virus (AHSV) from the African horse sickness outbreak in Thailand in 2020. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. doi:10.1111/tbed.14056.

Young JE, Dvorak CMT, Graham SP and Murtaugh MP (2021) Isolation of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus GP5-specific, neutralizing monoclonal antibodies from hyperimmune sows. Frontiers in Immunology 12:638493. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.638493.

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