Answering Complex Open-domain Questions Through Iterative Query Generation
Abstract: ….We present GoldEn (Gold Entity) Retriever, which iterates between reading context and retrieving more supporting documents to answer open-domain multi-hop questions. Instead of using opaque and computationally expensive neural retrieval models, GoldEn Retriever generates natural language search queries given the question and available context, and leverages off-the-shelf information retrieval systems to query for missing entities. This allows GoldEn Retriever to scale up efficiently for open-domain multi-hop reasoning while maintaining interpretability. We evaluate GoldEn Retriever on the recently proposed open-domain multi-hop QA dataset, HotpotQA, and demonstrate that it outperforms the best previously published model despite not using pretrained language models such as BERT.
BANANAS: Bayesian Optimization with Neural Architectures for Neural Architecture Search
Abstract: ….In this work, we design a NAS algorithm that performs Bayesian optimization using a neural network model. We develop a path-based encoding scheme to featurize the neural architectures that are used to train the neural network model. This strategy is particularly effective for encoding architectures in cell-based search spaces. After training on just 200 random neural architectures, we are able to predict the validation accuracy of a new architecture to within one percent of its true accuracy on average, for popular search spaces. This may be of independent interest beyond Bayesian neural architecture search. We test our algorithm on the NASBench (Ying et al. 2019) and DARTS (Liu et al. 2018) search spaces, and we show that our algorithm outperforms other NAS methods including evolutionary search, reinforcement learning, AlphaX, ASHA, and DARTS. Our algorithm is over 100x more efficient than random search, and 3.8x more efficient than the next-best algorithm on the NASBench dataset....