Good morning!

I'm Adrien. Welcome to The Pourquoi Pas, the weekly newsletter for the inherently curious. As usual, you can hit Reply to chat, sign up by following this linkor help The Pourquoi Pas grow by using the icons below.

Quote of the week
Nature, as Ranked by Google Users
The Next Big Things In Tech (Part 2)
Following last week's look at technologies expected to emerge within the next 5 years, we're now looking at those which are likely to change the world withing 5 to 10 years. As a quick recap, we've already discussed: 

The  boring, expected stuff
  • A.I / Machine Learning / Deep (Reinforcement) Learning
  • Commercial UAVs / Drones
  • Robotics / Cobotics
  • Blockchain
  • Cryptocurrencies / ICOs
  • Voice
  • Chatbots
The pretty ok stuff
  • Augmented / Artificial / Virtual Reality
  • A.I Cloud Services / Platform-as-a-service / Data-as-a-service
  • Autonomous Vehicules
  • Connected Home
  • 5G
  • Quantum Computer
  • Human Augmentation
The Very Exciting Stuff
IoT / Edge Computing / Intelligent Edge
While the vast majority of data processing for connected devices now happens in the cloud, sending data back and forth across a central server can take seconds (!) too long. As such, allowing objects to process data on their own (at the"edge" of the eco-system) could make objects such as autonomous vehicles possible, and would also be invaluable in healthcare and manufacturing, among others. As is the case for other developments both above and below, we must however let the hardware catch up before implementing these ideas (see “deep neural network ASICs”).
As intelligent things proliferate, expect a shift from stand-alone intelligent objects to a swarm of collaborative intelligent things. In this model, multiple devices will work together, either independently or with human input. The leading edge of this area is being used by the military, which is studying the use of drone swarms (RELEASE THE SWARM) to attack or defend military targets, but could likely go much further with hundreds of potential civilian uses.

The current main idea behind micro-chips is for tracking bio-metrics at work, as part of the smart workspace technology ecosystem. Though it's nothing too exciting yet, this technology currently helps with identifying employees and paying for lunch and coffee.
Unless everyone suddenly agrees to let their blood pressure be monitored daily at work, this tracking is likely to remain benign in the near future. Beyond work, these chips (which are made from an array of molecular sensors on the chip surface that can analyze biological elements and chemicals) will be able to detect diseases early. Which leads us to...

For those wanting to go even smaller: nanorobots, which are currently in the R&D phase, are essentially very very tiny sensors. The first useful applications of these nanomachines may vey well be in nanomedicine. For example, biological machines could be used to identify and destroy cancer cells or deliver drugs. Another potential application is the detection of toxic chemicals, and the measurement of their concentrations, in the environment. But we're getting ahead of ourselves: Smart Dust will be discussed next week.

Genetic predictions
No, I'm not talking about Gattaca (yet). But we're getting pretty close to it: scientists can already use your genome to predict your chances of getting heart disease or breast cancer, and even your IQ (mine is anywhere between 75 and 135 according to random, non-scientific BuzzFeed Quizzes). As such, DNA-based "predictions" could be the next great public health advance, regardless of the risks of genetic discrimination. For example, if women at high risk for breast cancer got more mammograms and those at low risk got fewer, those exams might catch more real cancers and set off fewer false alarms. It could also lead to the rise of personalizsed medicine, though the logistics of such a task would likely be a financial and logistical disaster.

Even if a Gattaca-like future does come about, changing some genes to make an individual healthy could be the key to ruining a perfectly good apocalyptic future. CRISPR/Cas genome editing techniques have many potential applications, including medicine and crop seed enhancement. Editing germs to make new viruses is however less fun. Either way, I look forward to a time when every an looks like a mix of Tom Hiddleston and Idris Elba. Good times. 
Worth a watch, if only for the narrator's accent
3D metal printing
3D printing may already appear to be a thing of the past (when in fact the ideas behind it have only gotten more realistic), but we're yet to see the full extent of the tech's capacities with regards to new materials. Working with various metals will allow for lighter, stronger and more complex objects, which will be great for complex or custom mechanical parts (think tricked out car engines). The process is however incredibly hard to master (next week, I will cover 4D printing for those brave enough to go there). 

The future is ear! Get it? Get it? Though Voice may be the next big platform, I would not discard Ear so easily (Voilà, in view a humble Vaudevilian...). Smart headphones could soon act as daily advisers for all questions, hopefully without being prompted (ever wished you could remember that guy's name?). Thinking about such a tech practically: ears are close to the mouth, can multitask, work in your sleep and are more open to fashionable accessories than the mouth or the eyes. And that's without getting into the whole translation thing.
At this rate, it won’t be long before Amazon can send ads for coughing syrup when it hears you cough.

Zero-Carbon Natural Gas

The ability to efficiently and cheaply captures carbon released by burning natural gas. That's it. No jokes, no gimmicks. Do you want your great-grand-kids to know what it's like not to despise the sun? Then forget about all the above and concentrate on Green Tech

That's 14 out of 32! See you next week for the others. It gets much more interesting from here onward as we'll discuss technologies you've likely never heard or thought of.
Thank you for reading through. 
Have a kitten Gif.
A lil' piece of wholesomeness
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Have a great week.
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