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Faces of the Black Suffrage Movement, Part 6
 
Adella Hunt Logan was a product of her time in more ways than one. Born in 1863 in Sparta, Georgia, she was the daughter of a Black woman and a white man who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. She was one of eight children between the unmarried pair.
 
Her father helped to pay for Hunt Logan’s education at Sparta’s Bass Academy and Atlanta University. After graduating at 18 years old, Hunt Logan became a teacher and later served as Tuskegee Institute’s first librarian. Hunt Logan met a fellow teacher there, Warren, who she would marry. They had nine children, but only six survived to adulthood.
 
Hunt Logan spent her life fighting to advance women. As an exceptional student, she balked that women could only pursue two-year “normal” degrees and not four-year “gentlemen’s” degrees.
 
Like so many of her Black suffrage peers, she was a member of the National Association of Colored Women. Her white features, however, allowed Hunt Logan to become the first African American lifetime member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association—headed by Susan B. Anthony.
As the NAWSA’s only member from Alabama, Hunt Logan was fully committed to the suffrage movement in the hopes that one day her daughter would be able to vote in the South. To attend such meetings in the mid-1890s, Hunt Logan had to pass for white—which eventually took an emotional toll on her.
 
In 1899, a white friend recommended that Hunt Logan be rewarded for her dedication to the suffrage movement with a speaking role at the NAWSA’s convention in Washington, D.C., which was to commemorate Susan B. Anthony’s 80th birthday. Anthony denied the request by saying, “I cannot have speak for us a woman who has even a ten-thousandth portion of African blood who would be an inferior orator in matter or manner, because it would so mitigate against our cause…Let your Miss Logan wait till she is more cultivated, better educated, and better prepared and can do our mission and her own race the greatest credit.”
 
Hunt Logan took back the strategies she learned from Anthony’s organization to the NACW. In 1912, her article, Colored Women as Voters, was published in the NAACP’s magazine, The Crisis. Her dedication to women’s suffrage created ongoing struggles with both white women and Black men. 
 
Succumbing to multiple pressures, she took ill in 1915. After the death of her dear friend and adversary, Booker T. Washington, she committed suicide by jumping from a fifth floor window at Tuskegee Institute.
 
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Delmarie Cobb
Ida’s Legacy Committee

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